Handmade noodles, Tibetan noodles, Thugba or Thukpa ཐུག་པ, noodle dough disk, Noodle Dishes in Tibetan Culture

ཐུག་པ Home-made Hand-made Noodles

Handmade noodles, Tibetan noodles, Thugba or Thukpa ཐུག་པ, noodle dough disk, Noodle Dishes in Tibetan Culture
My mother is making noodle dough using wheat flour.


Like many cultures around the globe, Tibetans cherish our own special noodles. Noodle dishes are, in fact, a staple in Tibetan cooking across the rangelands and lower meadows. We call them thukpa ཐུག་པ (aka thug ba or thugba)  and generally refer to wheat flour noodles.

Only those never recorded cookbooks knew when a Tibetan grandmother, who lived ten times before my grandma, had learned to make noodles by hand. And without a cookbook, who knows when they started accompanying dough threads with meat or milk. But one thing I know is that those grandmothers passed down the noodle goodness traditions to us. Tibetan mothers and sisters are keen on making noodles and are served for supper. We enjoy the refreshing and addictive bowlfuls year round.

For the women who rule typical courtyard houses in farming communities, city dwellings, and burgundy-hue-robed Buddhists, it is habitual to cook up a comforting noodle meal. Drokbas or drokpas འབྲོག་པ, too, go for a meaty noodle soup—Drokpas are the traditional nomadic Tibetans who live in yak-fur tents and herd yaks, sheep, and horses.

Making handmade noodles is an art involving properly mixing, kneading, and rolling out to make perfectly round and smooth disk of dough. The noodle varieties I grew up with were, of course, handmade by my grandmother and mother. They made a huge sheet using a long rolling-pin that covered the entire cutting board, the size of a half-room. They often made the noodles in the midafternoon, so it would be slightly dehydrated before cooking in the evening. Shapes vary depending on use. For a formal meal or cold dish during a steamy summer, the giant disk is folded and refolded and then cut into thin, uniform 20-25 inch long by hand. Or it is rolled with the pin and slides out before cutting into shorter lengths and widths for ease of serving. Noodles made of pea flour are typically cut in irregular squares.

Handmade noodles, Tibetan noodles, Thugba or Thukpa ཐུག་པ, noodle dough disk, Noodle Dishes in Tibetan Culture
The dough kneaded into a smooth ball. Ready for a long rolling pin after flattening a little by hand.


Handmade noodles, Tibetan noodles, Thugba or Thukpa ཐུག་པ, noodle dough disk, Noodle Dishes in Tibetan Culture
The dough sheet about 24″ X 24″, almost paper-thin, ready to slightly dehydrate before cutting.


Tibetan noodles, Thugba or Thukpa ཐུག་པ, noodle dough disk, Noodle Dishes in Tibetan Culture
The dough disk cut into strips by hand. Read to swim in umami broth in the evening.


Every mother has her own way of flavoring a hearty noodle dish. Often they are made into umami, hot soups though noodle salads with chili and garlic-based sauce is common in the summertime. Yak meat or mutton broth as a base, stocked with either diced wedges of meat or bone-in, but dairy-based is also served. Ingredients like daikon radish, leafy greens, and scallions are added; and it is always seasoned with sea salt and yerma གཡེར་མ least. And no dunking bread is needed for the bountiful bowl.

Today, my mother continues the tradition. She makes noodle dish a few times a week, and I do the same. My personal favorites are teb thug མཐེབ་ཐུག (pulled and cut about the size of thumb tip by hand) and pensha (two-noodle delight). Nothing more comforting or homey than slurping away a bowl of richly flavored noodle soup. They remind me of my happy childhood.

While there are no rules on what type of noodles to use, I try to get fresh noodles from Asian markets. Asian noodles are traditionally made without eggs or with fewer eggs. But dried Asian-style noodles will do if you must.

Stay tuned. I will be sharing a noodle recipe.


  1. Dear Jolma, as always I am delighted to read your traditional Tibetan stories. The noodles look beautiful and so tasty in a hot bowl of soup, always a favorite with me. I look forward to you sharing the recipe and seeing how it varies from preparing such as an Italian pasta or noodle.

  2. THIS is what the whole world needs more of – handmade noodles, the very best comfort food. Just think how everyone would get along so very well with a noodle meal like yours every day! Thank you for sharing!

    • Thank you for stopping by, cmurr1. “Best comfort food” is the phrase to describe this carefully handcrafted noodles. I will share with you a Tibetan noodle dish recipe as soon it’s ready.

  3. Very nicely done! The pictures describe the process beautifully. I can imagine the smells and the textures after reading your story. Thanks!

    • Hi Sara,
      Thank you for the kind words. My mother is the noodle master in my family. But I also make them often. Making noodles by hand is intriguing. It makes you wonder about what the art of making food really is. Crafting the noodles with discipline and offering them to those who you care. Come and visit me again.

  4. Hello Jolma,
    This is my first time here. I ate Thukpa in a small Tibetan restaurant in Dharamsala a few years ago, but other than that, I am not very sure about the recipe or how it is made. I certainly want to try making these noodles at home now.

    • Hi pragati, I hope your experience with the Tibetan Thukpa was good one. I will share with you when my noodle recipes are tested. Thank you for stopping by. Jolma

    • Thank you, Anette. Yes, noodle-making takes some practice, but it’s not as hard as one would imagine. For me, this process is meditative and absorbing. It stimulates a positive energy. When make it on a quiet afternoon, I feel a sense of calm and connection to something pleasant.

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